Mid-Autumn Festival

Mid-Autumn Festival

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Holiday: Sep 29th -Oct 1st, 2023

The Mid-Autumn Festival has a long history. Like other traditional festivals, it also developed slowly. Ancient emperors had the ritual system of worshiping the sun in spring and the moon in autumn. As early as the book "Zhou Li", the word "Mid-Autumn Festival" has been records. Later, nobles and literati also followed suit. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, they would look at the bright and round moon in the sky, watch and worship, and express their feelings. This custom was spread to the people and became a traditional activity until the Tang Dynasty. After that, people paid more attention to the custom of worshiping the moon, and the Mid-Autumn Festival became a fixed festival. "Book of TangยทTaizong Ji" records the "Mid-Autumn Festival on August 15th". This festival was popular in the Song Dynasty. By the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it had become It is as famous as New Year's Day and has become one of the major festivals in our country. The legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival are very rich. Mythical stories such as Chang'e flying to the moon, Wu Gang cutting Gui, and the Jade Rabbit making medicine are widely circulated.

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One of the legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival - Chang'e flying to the moon

According to legend, in ancient times, ten suns appeared in the sky at the same time, causing the crops to wither and the people to live in dire straits. A hero named Hou Yi, who was extremely powerful, sympathized with the suffering people, climbed to the top of the Kunlun Mountains, exerted his supernatural power, and drew his magical bow. He shot down more than nine suns at once, and strictly ordered the last sun to rise and set on time to benefit the people.

As a result, Hou Yi was respected and loved by the people. Hou Yi married a beautiful and kind-hearted wife named Chang'e. In addition to spreading his skills and hunting, Hou Yi stayed with his wife all day long. People envied this loving couple with talent and beauty.

Many people with lofty ideals came here to learn from the master, and Peng Meng with evil intentions also got in.

One day, Hou Yi went to the Kunlun Mountains to visit friends and seek enlightenment. He happened to meet the Queen Mother who was passing by, and asked the Queen Mother for a package of elixir. It is said that if you take this medicine, you can immediately ascend to heaven and become an immortal. However, Hou Yi was reluctant to leave his wife, so he had to temporarily give the elixir to Chang'e for collection. Chang'e hid the medicine in the treasure box on the dressing table. Unexpectedly, the villain Peng Meng saw it. He wanted to steal the elixir and become an immortal himself.

Three days later, Hou Yi led his disciples out for hunting. Peng Meng, who had ulterior motives, pretended to be sick and stayed behind. Soon after Hou Yi led everyone away, Peng Meng broke into the backyard of the inner house with a sword and forced Chang'e to hand over the elixir. Chang'e knew that she was no match for Peng Meng. In the critical moment, she made a prompt decision, turned around, opened the treasure box, took out the elixir and swallowed it in one gulp. Chang'e swallowed the medicine, and her body immediately floated off the ground, rushed out of the window, and flew to the sky. Because Chang'e cared about her husband, she flew to the moon closest to the world and became an immortal.

In the evening, Hou Yi returned home, and the maids cried and told them what happened during the day. Hou Yi was frightened and angry, so he drew his sword to kill the villain, but Peng Meng had already escaped. Hou Yi was so angry that he beat his chest and was distraught. He looked up at the night sky and called out the name of his beloved wife. At this time, he was surprised to find that the moon today was particularly special. It is bright and bright, and there is a swaying figure that looks like Chang'e. He chased the moon desperately, but he chased three steps, the moon took three steps back, he took three steps back, and the moon took three steps forward. No matter what, he couldn't catch up.

Hou Yi had no choice but to miss his wife, so he had to send someone to Chang'e's favorite back garden, set up an incense table, put her favorite sweetmeats and fresh fruits, and offer sacrifices to Chang'e who was attached to him in the moon palace. After the people heard the news that Chang'e flew to the moon and became an immortal, they all set up incense tables under the moon and prayed to the kind-hearted Chang'e for good luck and peace.

Since then, the custom of worshiping the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival has spread among the people.

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Mid-Autumn Festival Legend 2 - Wu Gang won the title

There is also a legend about the Mid-Autumn Festival: It is said that the osmanthus tree in front of the Guanghan Palace on the moon grows lushly and is more than 500 feet high. There is a man below who often cuts it down, but every time it is cut down, the place where it was cut immediately reappears. Closed. For thousands of years, this osmanthus tree has been cut down as it goes. This osmanthus tree can never be cut down. It is said that the man who cut down the tree was named Wu Gang. He was from Xihe in the Han Dynasty. He once followed the immortals to practice Taoism and reached heaven. However, he made a mistake, and the immortals demoted him to the moon palace, where he did such futile and hard work every day as punishment. . There is a record in Li Bai's poem "If you want to cut the laurel in the moon, you will hold on to the salary of those who are cold".